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tv   News  Al Jazeera  August 18, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm EDT

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>> over 100,000 reached the continent last month. >> hello there, i'm julie mcdonald. also coming up. bangkok bombing suspect the man sought by peace connection in the worst attack in thailand's history? >> calls to the u.n. to consider sanctions against south sudan after the president refuses to sign a peace deal. and bug killing book that could save millions of lives.
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>> european board agency from texas said that a number of refugees arrived last month more than 107,000. that's the most ever number in a single:,and triple the number who arrived last july. in italy police suspected eight human traffickers in th involved in the deaths of migrants last weekend. now the e.u. has alleged financial assistance. jonah hull is there. >> if this is a promised land, then for many it's proving to be a false one. every day they come, sometimes in their hundreds, refugees and those seeking work crossing the
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placid waters, and every day they wait for paperwork that allows them to stay or move on to other parts of europe. >> there are many people. >> other people have been waiting much longer? >> much longer. >> nobody has helped you in that time? >> i want to go to germany. >> why, why do you want to go to germany? >> because i think my future it "s" there. >> we have survival kits, baby kits. >> do you feel the local authorities are in control? >> basically they're tired. you can control something that is 100 people.
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>> in other words, no, not really. >> things have been worse in recent days the government charted passengers ferry providing temporary sanitation to two and a half thousand people. >> they're exclusively syrians on board who have fled their civil war and giving priority here. and the president has eased the cries ever recent weeks. but for many other nationalities who are not allowed on board like these people living rough on a peach in the center of town very little has changed. >> we're hungry and tired. >> what i see, the you yourself
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should know it's because we're africans. >> many are onshore, safe from the hardships they fled, but even here they're far from secure. jonah hull. al jazeera. >> barnaby phillips is on board a boat with dollars without borderwithout--doctors without borders looking for migrants in trouble at sea. >> we've been out at sea for four days now looking for migrants in distress. you can see here people that doctors without borders making preparation. perhaps there is room for a few hundred at the back of our boats. and they could be transported across to southern industry not in any great comfort it has to be said, but under greater
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conditions when attempting to cross this great sea. we haven't seen any migrants boats in distress in the last few years. that might have something to do with the fact that the weather has bee created waves quite big and this would be dangerous conditions for migrants to make this crossing. >> thai police have released security videotape man they believe is responsible for monday's bombing at a bangkok shrine which killed 22 and injured about 100 others. the country's prime minister has called for calm after a second bomb went off with another popular tourist destin incarceration just less than 24 hours later. >> picking up the pieces. an area that has seen conflict
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before, but nothing like this. dozen mrs. killed. among them victims from malaysia, china, hong kong and singapore. many were injured. it was an attack designed to kill as many people as possible at a high-profile target, the shrine. the government acting urgently to resore a sense of security for the public and millions of tourists. >> in our country there are individuals or groups of individuals who were seeking to destroy the country. the ongoing attempt at destruction might be politically motivated, targeting the economy, tourism or for whatever reason. the government will work to find these perpetrators and bring justice upon any networks involved as soon as possible. >> the suspect responsible for
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the bombing, carrying a pack back to the shrine. later on he's seen leaving the shrine without a backpack. a manhunt is underway. >> this dash cam footage shows the moment the bomb went off. within hours of the blast, the government was blaming it's political enemies. now it's asking the country to unite and stay calm. >> we would like to once again ashore the public that right now we'll look out for them. after this, the thai government will do our best to make sure that everyone is looked after. >> but within an hour of that speech this happened at the pier for river transport. another high profile tourist
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target. the grenade landed in the water, and no one was injured. back at the shrine things are slowly getting back to normal. the roads have been reopened, but this is as close as we can get to the shrine itself. the security has been tightened as promised, but we've seen forensic teams arrive as they try to get to the bottom of how and why this brutal attack happened. >> thai authorities won't say how soon they'll be able to announce the results of their investigation. veronica pedrosa, al jazeera, bangkok. >> the south sudanese president refused to sign a peace agreement with rebels on monday. it was described as, quote, outrageous. both u.s. and united kingdom
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must pressure those given the conflict. >> given the outrageous failure yesterday, support now must mean a readiness of the security council to take action, to mobilize our collective resources and increase pressure accordingly on those frustrat ing peace. and we must advance meaningful efforts to hold perpetrators of atrocities accountable. >> bringing an toned fighting in south sudan is another challenge that we jointly face. we all said that on the 17th of august was a hard deadline for an agreement to bring peace. if the government of south sudan will not sign up to the deal, then we must all be firm on our next steps. we cannot sit by while leaders fight and others' suffering grows. >> an south sudan expert with a group who seeks to end genocide and crimes against humanity. she said that more sanctions
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need to target the groups within south sudan. >> there have been sanctions in the past. a hand full of field commanders have been sanctioned. but there is a type of people who don't have the hefty bank accounts or big mansions abroad, but that's not true of all south sudanese. we hope that the next round of sanctions will be not only naming the public with shaming, but actual enforcement whether that is in uganda or kenya or here in the united states or other places where south sudanese elites have stashed their assets. sanctions are part of a broader strategy. and that strategy has to involve supporting civil society to push for enforcement of this peace agreement. it means an adjustment to accountability in form of the hybrid court and also an arms embargo to stop weapons from flowing in to south sudan and continuing the bloodshed.
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>> turkish prime minister said that he failed to form a new governing coalition. it now means that turkey is almost certain to have new elections. political instability comes for iraq. >> the ruling party failed to win enough seats in parliament to governor alone. but those coalition talks have been unsuccessful, and now the prime minister has returned the mandates to president erdogan. the likelihood is now the president erdogan is going to call new elections. they'll probably be mid to end of november. now until then there has to be a caretaker election. that will be made up of representative of all the parties in the government. so for the first time the akp
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will have to share power. it's been trying to avoid having to do that, but it looks like it has little option left. it will have to chair cabinet positions with the pro kurdish in parliament for the first time. secular opposition, and possibly also another right-wing party. all of those parties will be offered cabinet positions, the prospect to them all sitting around the cabinet table for the next three months or so before elections in november. set the likelihood of a particularly fractious government in what is a particularly turbulent time in turkey. >> in the u.s. two democratic senators have given their backing to president barack obama and said they'll support the iran nuclear deal. it comes after fellow democrat robert menendez said he would be voting against it. >> this deal does not require
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iran to destroy or fully decompetition a single uranium centrifuge. over half of iran's currently operating centrifuges will continue to spin within the facility. the remainder, including more than 5,000 operating centrifuges in nearly 10,000 not yet functioning will merely be disconnected and transferred to another hall where they can be quickly reinstalled to enrich uranium. yet we have agreed to lift the sanctions and allow billions of dollars to flow tobacco into iran's economy. >> sri lanka's ruling party has won the most seats in the parliamentary elections but failed to win an outright majority. the prime minister is likely to remain in office with his united national party expected to form a coalition. the ruling party polled 160, and
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the next rifle managed to get 95, which means that the former president failed in his attempt to become prime minister. there is plenty more ahead on al jazeera including mexican authorities accused of covering up theappearance of 43 students. and the drinking pidgeon thapidgeon--drinking binge that resulted in jail for a flight crew. the only way to get better is to challenge yourself, and that's what we're doing at xfinity. we are challenging ourselves to improve every aspect of your experience. and this includes our commitment to being on time. every time. that's why if we're ever late for an appointment, we'll credit your account $20. it's our promise to you. we're doing everything we can
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>> our american story is written every day. it's not always pretty... but it's real. and we show you like no-one else can. this is our american story. this is america tonight. >> a reminder of the top stories here on al jazeera. the e.u. border control agency said that more than 107,000 refugees and migrants arrived in europe last month. that's more than triple the
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numbers who arrived in the same month last year. thai place received cctv footage of a subject in bangkok which killed 22 people. a man in a yellow t-shirt with a backpack is seen walking away. now this wednesday's united nations world humanitarian day, a da day of remembrance for aid workers killed in the line of duty. last year 120 aid workers from killed around the worlder and more than 200 suffered violent attacks. jennifer glasse has this report. >> this is one of the most dangerous jobs in the world. looking for mines, rockets and other exploded devices in
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afghanistan. it is called the hidden enemy, but there are plenty of other dangers, too. >> we were working on the hillside, and they came and surrounded the whole team, captured us beat us and said bad words. they then took their weapons and threatened to kill us. >> at that time they were released. the 12 colleagues weren't as lucky. they were shot dead last december. because of the nature of their work means that they're in areas, these are some of the most targeted aid workers in the country operating in difficult places. >> there are thousands of fields like this all over afghanistan, yet another danger that aid workers face here. there are abductions, ribs, intimidation and improvised explosive devices and small arms fires. the head of the small mine coordination say that there are so many different groups
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fighting it is hard to know who is the best local contact, and the government isn't much help. >> in some cases if we ask the government to support us its counterproductive. because they come without enough security, and you're ending up with one sided, and then that's making life more difficult. >> on monday morning a german aid worker was abducted at gunpoint, and the dangers continue here. the u.n. said that 37 aid workers have been killed so far this year. jennifer glasse, kabul. >> indonesia searches found the black box of the plane tha that crashed on sunday. when it crashed contact was lost minutes before it would land. weather may have played a role.
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now a norwegian court has sentenced a baltic pilot after tests showed that he had alcohol befor before flying the plane. two flight attendant it's were convicted to 45 to 60 days in jail. russian police say that they've disrupted an illegal cheese-making operation said to be worth $30 million. six men have been arrested. the underground cheese makers are using ingredients banned on embargoes. the retaliations over the ukraine conflict earlier this month russian authorities publicly destroyed illegally imported western food. meanwhile, the russian president is visiting crimea the
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peninsula annexed from ukraine 18 months ago. official reason behind the visit is to promote tourism, and the president took a typical opportunity to reinforce his image of a man behind advantage. >> almost annual excuse for their president to get out of his business suit and prove himself a man of action. on tuesday he boarded a submersible to examine ship wrecks from the byzantine area. is thousand years ago at a time of particularly vigorous trade between the eastern and western world. there are so many interesting things down here, so many obje objects, ancient pottery scattered on the sea bed. the experts say that they have a lot of work to do down here. >> this was a carefully stage
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managed event. meant to school russians both in history and the country's current priorities. putin has described the recently annexed crimea as sacredly important to russia. it was here that vladimir the great was supposedly baptized before converting the slavs to christianity. it was also part of the great silk road, the network that stretched all the way to china. >> here we're at a center, a crossroads of trade route, a melting point for many injuries, and principle, it's a ge geopolitical focus these days too,. >> at this crimean palace the architecture speaks of a time when much of eurasia was under the tartar yoke. >> whether it was more european orego or oriental, you can get
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a reminder of its eastern influences, and there was a time that most of what is modern day russia was once part of a bigger mongul empire. of course, putin does not want to rewind the clock hundreds of years and be under asian rule once more, but it is signing up to beijing's new silk road economic belt project, a transeurasian trade and investment network. this may look like a dip into the submersible, but under the surface it is so much more. >> the first time in eight years active duty u.s. soldiers have been deployed to help out wildfires raging throughout ten western states. the fires have destroyed hundreds of homes and forced more than a thousand people to relocate. al jazeera's tomorro tom ackerman reports.
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>> across the west firefighters are nearing the limit of their resources to put out hundreds of fires like these in eastern or gone. crews totaling more than 25,000 men and women are now reinforced with support from 200 mobile national guard troops. in central washington evacuations forced hundreds from their homes. >> it's coming down in pure flames. it's like a flame flower coming through this. >> here 33 years, so it's hard to see this. >> at the peak of the apple harvest there one of the largest food processing plants was virtually destroyed. in california high winds that fan the flames continue to pose an elevated risk. while california is accustomed to summer wildfires, the fourth year of drought there isin aggravating the danger. the firefighters can no longer depend on moisture from under
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brush and trees that would ordinarily control the spread of the blazes. even alaska, with almost 200 current fires raging has not been spared. more than 20,000 square kilometers of tundra and forest land has been scorched, making this season the third worse on the state. snow covers less of alaska than normal, so the fire risk will remain high through september. but relief may be coming from the pacific ocean. a winter forecast for one of the strongest el niños in recorded history would mean much warmer sea temperatures that would raise the chances of more rainfall. tom ackerman, al jazeera. >> investigators looking into the disappearance of 43 mexican students say they're being prevented from interioring military personnel. they believe videos containing evidence may have been destroyed, and families were not told that clothes of the missing students have been found.
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>> one of the things that most angered mexicans about the abduction of 43 students late last year was the collusion of local authorities. the town there ordered their abduction and then the local police force together with the gang carried that out. but they've always been suspicious that this could have gone further up the chain of demand. the army had a base nearby where this all took place. and a team of international experts who have come to investigate this say that they think that they could tell them more, but the mexican government has stopped them from speaking to soldiers. >> we wanted to carry out the interview process with the army. but the mexican government said we couldn't question the soldiers or get their explanation in person. >> we are evidence has still gone missing that may have been destroyed. >> we're especially worried about missing evidence in the case. we've moved the mexico attorney
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general of a now lost video of the police intervention, which caused the disappearance of the students. >> this is only going to fuel suspicions that the mexican government isn't really interested in getting to the bottom of this case, and may actively be trying to hide things. in the wider context it's emblematic of a country where impunity holds sway. >> millions aroun around the world don't have access to clean drinking water. al jazeera's gabriel elizondo explains. >> it's a book like no other. not one to read but to save lives. it's called the drinkable book. it's pages are made from technologically advanced paper a made of silver nano particles that kill water-borne diseases.
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imagine it being like coffee filters being pages of a book. here's how it works. each piece of paper or filter can be torn out of the book. the paper is slid into an especially designed filter box, dirty water can be poured through, and safe drinking waters comes out. >> at the end of the day, the hero is the technology. >> it was invented over several years by a chemist at carnegie-mellon university. >> we're testing these filter papers in a few different countries and evaluate the water quality before and after filtration. in south africa, ghana, and bangladesh, what i reported on the filters have also been tested in kenya, and the results were that 99.9% of the bacteria were killed by the paper, which is basically as good as tap
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water. >> more than 500 million people don't have access to clean water, and more than 800,000 people die each year from drinking water that is unself. according to a new report by the "world health organization." >> this is a water filter sold at many camping stores, and it's often used by backpackers. but one of these costs $38. that's far too expensive for poor people in underdeveloped countries to be able to afford. but even ceramic filters can often cost the same. that's where this comes in, the book can be produced for less than $5. each filter in the book costs $0.10, and can filter 100 liters of water, enough for one person for 30 days. it has not gone into mass production yet. they've teamed with others to fundraise to get it off the ground. a few people think that the drinkable book could solve all of the problems. it's one innovative step of many
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more likely needed to get people clean drinking water. >> you can find out much more on our website. the address for that is . bond. >> here are these ordinary people, innocent people doing nothing at all, walking down the street, bam, bam, bam, please policemen jump upon them, beat them, in this hor inc. way. >> as the 50th anniversary of the voting rights march from selma to montgomery and bloody sunday was, protesters across the country today are calling for an end to what they say is rachel